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Finding a square root using trigonometry
The interactive example and equation shown above describe how we can find square roots using intersecting circles and trig functions. A key part of the equation is (n+1)/2 which is the intersecting circle radius.
root = Math.cos(Math.asin((n-1)/(n+1)))*((n+1)/2); //2.23606797749979
HistoryI discovered this in 2008 while while studying the Vesica piscis.
Thanks to Bob Blackmon for reducing the equation further. My original equation (below) is a bit less elegant.